Teaching comprehension strategies curriculum k 12
- What are some effective ways to teach comprehension skills in grades K-3?
• Comprehension monitoring helps students know what they understand or do not understand when reading text. It also helps them use “fix-up” strategies such as re-reading for a particular purpose or adjusting reading speed as related to text difficulty. • Graphic and semantic organizers help students categorize or classify concepts in informational text using maps, webs, graphs, or charts. • Answering a variety of questions (including literal, inferential and critical/application types) during pre-reading, reading, and post-reading provides students with a purpose and focus for reading. • Asking different types of questions about text meaning during pre-reading, reading, and post-reading activities improves students’ active engagement with text. • Recognizing story structure helps students understand how characters, events, and settings contribute to plot. • Summarizing main ideas and key details is critical to demonstrating understanding of the author’s message.In combination, these six strategies have been shown to be particularly beneficial when students work cooperatively to construct the meaning of text, as is the case with multiple strategy instruction, or reciprocal teaching. In reciprocal teaching, students combine multiple strategies by predicting and confirming text meaning, asking questions when reading, clarifying vocabulary or concepts that are poorly understood, and summarizing text meaning.
- · Should all children be good readers by the end of third grade? Is that really the correct benchmark?
- What are the best strategies for reading interventions for children in grades K-3 who are not benefiting from the reading program?